Ziegler rugs, also known as Peshawar rugs, are a distinctive type of handwoven carpets that originated in the late 19th century in the region of Persia (modern-day Iran). These rugs are renowned for their intricate designs, high-quality craftsmanship, and unique colour palette. The history of Ziegler rugs is a tale of cultural exchange and artistic evolution.

During the late 19th century, the demand for Persian carpets in the Western market, especially in Europe and the United States, was growing rapidly. However, traditional Persian carpets were often characterized by bold, vibrant colours and intricate designs that might not always align with the tastes of Western consumers at the time. This led to the emergence of a distinct style of carpets known as Ziegler rugs.

The name "Ziegler" comes from a Swiss company called Ziegler & Co., which played a pivotal role in facilitating the production and export of these rugs. Ziegler & Co. acted as intermediaries between Western demand and local Persian weavers. They collaborated with Persian artisans to create a new style of carpets that retained the traditional weaving techniques and artistry of Persia while incorporating design elements that catered to Western preferences.

Ziegler rugs are characterized by their softer, more muted color palette, featuring pastel shades and earthy tones. The designs are often floral or botanical, featuring graceful curves and intricate patterns. These rugs are known for their elegance and versatility, as they can complement a wide range of interior styles.

The weaving of Ziegler rugs typically takes place in regions such as Peshawar in Pakistan, which is why they are also referred to as Peshawar rugs. The weavers in these regions have embraced the Ziegler style and continue to produce these carpets with great skill and attention to detail.

Throughout the 20th and into the 21st century, Ziegler rugs have maintained their popularity due to their timeless designs and adaptability to various décor schemes. Collectors, interior designers, and homeowners alike appreciate these rugs for their ability to add a touch of elegance to living spaces.

In summary, Ziegler rugs have a rich history that reflects a fusion of Persian weaving traditions and Western aesthetics. Originating in the late 19th century, these rugs were created to cater to Western tastes, resulting in a unique style that marries the artistic sensibilities of both worlds. The name "Ziegler" is synonymous with a refined, muted colour palette and intricate floral designs, making these rugs a sought-after addition to homes and collections across the globe.