Bidjar rugs, often referred to as "iron rugs," are a type of Persian rug known for their exceptional durability and intricate designs. They originate from the town of Bidjar (or Bijar) in northwestern Iran, which is located in the Kurdistan Province. The name "iron rug" stems from their reputation for being incredibly sturdy and long-lasting, as if they were made from iron rather than wool.

Characteristics of Bidjar Rugs:


Bidjar rugs are known for their outstanding durability, making them highly sought after by collectors and rug enthusiasts. This durability is due to the unique construction techniques employed during their weaving.
Weaving Technique: One of the distinguishing features of Bidjar rugs is their tightly packed, dense weave. This is achieved by using a special technique called the "Weft-Weft Insertion" method. In this technique, additional weft threads are beaten down into the foundation of the rug, creating a dense and sturdy structure. This makes Bidjar rugs resistant to wear and tear.

Designs and Patterns:

Bidjar rugs often feature intricate and elaborate designs with a wide range of motifs, including floral patterns, medallions, and geometric shapes. The designs can be highly detailed and are usually executed in rich, vibrant colours.


Bidjar rugs are typically made from high-quality wool, known for its durability and softness. Natural dyes are commonly used to achieve the vibrant colors seen in these rugs.

Sizes and Shapes:

Bidjar rugs come in various sizes and shapes, from small prayer rugs to large room-sized carpets.